North Korea and South Korea meets Great day for all of us

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UN convention on Fresh water and Indian Supreme Court

Cauvery water dispute and implementation of International Law

The Potential conflicts over trans boundary waters are to the tune of 300 major rivers basin covering about 50% of the total land area of the Earth. India is also facing many such water conflicts with the neighbour hood countries. Some are solved by bilateral treaty and and some more on Tribunal awards while some other are hotspot of diplomacy . Within India many disputes are settled by negotiations between states while dozens are resolved by formation a of Water sharing mechanism under Inter state water disputes Act and water Boards Act.

The international Law on the issue of fresh water, drainage basins, ground water and Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses proposed by the International Law Commission are evolving from the Helsinki Rules through International conventions , attempt of International Law Association for Campione Consolidation on the basis of customary international law travelled a long distance and brought out broader aspect of issues in Berlin rules (2004).

Berlin rule Article 1 says

“1. These Rules express international law applicable to the management of the waters of international drainage basins and applicable to all waters, as appropriate.

2. Nothing in these Rules affects rights or obligations created by treaty or special custom.

Article 2 further says

Implementation of These Rules

1. States shall, where appropriate, enact laws and regulations to accomplish the purposes set forth in these Rules and shall adopt efficient and adequate administrative measures, including management plans, and judicial procedures for the enforcement of these laws and regulations.”

Fortunately the Cauvery water Disputes Tribunal (2007) in its award extensively relied on different aspects of the international principle of fair and equitable distribution of water to various stake holders with the obligation of not to cause significant harm, developed from Helsinki rule(1966) leading to Berlin rule (2004). The Supreme Court of India in its famous and land mark judgment (2018) relied on the Tribunal finding but deviated on the “ ground water” issues which are even now a matter of many countries concern and hesitation of fully subscribe to UN General Assembly The Convention on the Law of Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses, commonly referred to as the UN Watercourses Convention, is an international treaty, adopted by the United Nations on 21 May 1997, pertaining to the uses and conservation of all waters that cross international boundaries, including both surface and groundwater. “Mindful of increasing demands for water and the impact of human behaviour”, the UN drafted the document to help conserve and manage water resources for present and future generations. From the time of its drafting, the Convention took more than 17 years to enter into force on 17 August 2014 with signing of Vietnam to fulfil the need for minimum 36 signatories . Let us hope the Supreme Court land mark judgement on Cauvery water disputes case rectify in its future Judgments in other cases to further expand and apply the international Law as and when it evolves with majority of acceptance by the countries.

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Three tier system of Governance in India

The soul of Gram Rajya in Gandhi gram University, Dindukal, Tamilnadu

Ancient way of micro management as a social group in India is in the historical evidence . The Panchayat or five wise men were having all the modern governance as Executive, Legislative and Judicial functions as three in one system. King Chola period there were proof that these wise people were elected by the people by “cadjan “leaf-( palm leaf used to write ) and put into mud pot (vote box) to keep the confidentiality. But in many of the clan based villages it was ancestrally nominated by family representation. During British period they made it as Administrative body to collect revenue, maintain datas, and inform to the District Authorities and police on the annual reporting system of law and order and revenue record maintenance with judicial powers.


Madras Village Panchayat Act 1920 was giving the statutory architecture. During the freedom struggle this system was changing their role after Gandhi ji explained the Gram Swaraj . As disciple of Gandhi ji Shri Ramachandran(Anna as we call) and Dr Soundaram Ramchandran , founder couple , of Gandhigram University made the scientific way of education and training the persons for managing the Villages in Administration, Public Finance, rural development , Village health and sanitary condition, village arts and crafts and Khadi and village Industries.The place fondly named ‘Gandhigram’ was inaugurated by the Father of our Nation Mahatma Gandhi on 7th October 1947 with a powerful message “Success Attends where Truth Reigns”. Since then, Gandhigram has been a hub of community development.

After achieving independence the Indian Government started to have importance of revival of grassroots democracy by way of enacting the law to have the local government. Madras Panchayat Act 1958 has given all encompassing powers giving full structure with clear demarcation of various local Administrative set up. The Madras Panchayat Act was further strengthened in Tamilnadu and trained people were managing the peoples body elected among the unimpeachable character and leadership . The Revenue Headman with Karnam (Manager) were looking after the District Revenue authorities while Panchayat President and Council for developmental aspect while Co operative societies as statutory body Tident of village development .

The First five year Plan and subsequent five year Plans had implanted many of developmental and financial programmes to Panchayat system including schools ,Hostels, old age homes, village Health Dispensaries were handled in this system.


Having born and brought up in rural area I could recollect how I could connect with this system being a Lawyer in High Court in Madras coming down to Sivangangai district and worked 1972 to 1985, with villagers and as trainer for village people in the Tom Bewin Institute [ located in Gandhi Gram and Perambalur] , Rural workers Organisation and Indian National Rural Labour Federation. Hence I happened to contest in direct election as Chairman of Panchayat Union Sivagangai having 43 elected Panchayat Presidents and ward members for five years 1996-91.

As I was committed to Gandhian principles and Rajiv Gandhi’s dream of Panchayat Governance later made in Constitutional Amendment 76 and 78 as Three tier Governance (Union,State and District) I stoped practicing in courts for theses fives years and committed myself to implement the National Rural Employment Programmes, National Drought Area Development Programmes, National Rural landless Labourers Employment Guarantee scheme and various Programmes through 10 Point and 20 Point Programmes initiated by Prime Minister Indra Gandhi and the Rajiv Gandhi. Houses were built for Dalits and Adhiwasis and insisted to get the fair wages with the combination of grains and cash component. Drinking water facilities in every hamlets , roads , electricity, Biogas plants,work shed, community hall were constructed with quality due to the co operation of the People. I conducted training programmes for Panchayat Ward members who were elected among 100 adults to be representatives in Panchayat . In feed back form I got the information that 78% of them had not visited Panchayat Union office located in Sivagangai town just 20 to 30 Kilo meters from their village where all the officers of Development Block were sitting and serving the villagers. I could understand the distance between the bureaucracy and people in the developmental activities and implementation of various schemes.

Hence being elected representative of one lac People and Chairman of Panchayat union with powers and machinery in hand to eradicate poverty through the anti poverty programmes I implemented with the cooperation of officers and the people. I had the opportunity to be elected as Senate Member in the Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai and served for three years as representative of Local Government elected Chairman. I registered as researcher for PhD on “Implementation of Anti Poverty Programmes and rural development”. But later on knowing that many working Professors done such research on the basis of reported data’s collected by various agencies I changed the topic with the recommendation of Guide Prof S. Subramanian ,Head of Department of Political sciences to World Trade Organisation and Poverty alleviation and end up with WTO and Legislature, Executive and Judiciary, since in the mean time I was elected as 20 lac peoples representative to Indian Parliament and wrote a book too which was published by University of Madras as 150th year celebration and released by Dr Manmohan singh then Prime Minister of India Madam Sonia Gandhi.

Having the blessing of Madam Sonia Gandhi on seeing my performance as Parliamentarian participated 163 time debates in the 13 th Lok Sabha. I was made the Whip in Parliament. As member of Parliamentary standing committee for Science and Technology and Forest and Environment and for four years in Finance Committee I could make recommendation to Indian expedition to Moon (Chandrayaan) . The entire approach of wiping out the tears of rural people all the activities will prove that I was brought up by Panchayati Raj mind .

Dr G. Palanithurai the committed solder of Gandhian Thoughts and leading light when shade of darkness set in around democracy:

One time in Lok Sabha and two terms in Rajya Sabha and seven years ( two different Government terms) as Chairman of Parliamentary Standing committee for Personnel, Public Grievances, Law and Justice and Minister for Commerce and Industry have the impact of my experience as Chairman of Panchayat Union. I have to explain since the topic “ Development , and Grassroots Democracy” to commemorate the life long commitment of Prof G.Palanidurai, the writers have the liberty to narrate ‘experiences,contributions and reflections of persons associated with panchayat raj movement in India. Dr G Palanithurai , Director ,Chair of Rajiv Gandhi and Professor and Head of Department for Rural development and author of number books . Well known Indian authority for “Grassroots Democracy” is the real solder of Gandhian thought to fight against the Poverty in Villages and ‘leading light’ when there exists shade of darkness in democracy.

As Chairman of Parliamentary standing committee I could play main role in making laws such Right to Information Act, The Hindu Succession amendment Act making women equal to male in ancestral property, and tenancy right, Women’s reservation of seats in Assembly and Parliament Bill, Village courts Act, reform in UPSC in examinations for IAS, IFS and other civil services , High Court and Supreme Court Judge’s service conditions and salaries, reform in CBI , synergy between Tribal Justice system and of the country Laws., and many more than 50 Reports submitted to both Houses of Parliament and many of them being made as Law of Parliament ,rules and regulations of Government of India.

When I sat as Vice Chairman of the Rajya Sabha for many years I used to think how poor agriculturist’s son could adorn the chair of the second top post of the country ,Vice President of India. The answer is simple, it is the “power of democracy”, practised in India through the Constitution of India and even before that through Gram Swaraj – “Gram Rajya – Ram Rajya” in the words of Mahatma Gandhi ji, the father of Nation.

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Bank fraud – we need global standard Payment and settlement system

If the regulatory system is working with transparency at global standard (Banking fraud)it would have not happened. I gave a dissenting note when the Rajya Sabha Parliamentary select committee considered to Payment and settlement system (amendmend )bill 2014

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Assocham has a solution to the falling accountability at state-run banks — their privatisation. The industry body feels the government should reduce its stake to less than 50% in public sector banks if it wants to avoid a repeat of the $1.8-billion fraud at Punjab National Bank. “Senior managements of PSBs keep implementing directions from bureaucrats even for innocuous issues, which hurts risk mitigation… there is a limit the government can keep bailing them out,” Business Line quotes Assocham as saying. Data from the RBI shows PSBs have reported loan fraud cases totaling ₹61,260 crore over the last five years.

Rotomac Pen promoter Vikram Kothari has allegedly fled the country after defrauding state-run banks of ₹800 crore. The owner of the Kanpur-based company, Economic Times reports, had borrowed ₹485 crore from Union Bank of India and ₹352 crore from Allahabad Bank, in cahoots with bank officials. A year on, he has repaid neither the interest nor the principal amount, the report adds. Bank of Baroda, a member of the lending consortium, had declared Rotomac a wilful defaulter last year, but the court said it was unfair as the company had “offered assets” following the default.

Walmart is in talks to acquire more than 40% in Flipkart, Reuters reports. The US retailer is likely to buy new and existing shares in the e-commerce firm at a valuation of up to $23 billion, and due diligence for the transaction may begin next week. A Mint report said Walmart wanted a buyout, but Flipkart’s largest investor SoftBank — which invested $2.5 billion in the company last year — didn’t want to “cash out this early.” Search giant Google is also in the fray, the Mint report adds. Walmart snapped up New Jersey-headquartered e-tailer for $3 billion last year.

The government will try to “extradite and punish” Nirav Modi, the diamond czar at the centre of the $1.77-billion fraud at Punjab National Bank. NDTV reported that Modi is staying at a plush hotel suite in New York’s Manhattan. Meanwhile, the CBI has made three arrests in the case, including that of retired PNB official Gokulnath Shetty, who is accused of sharing bank passwords with Modi’s employees and issuing scores of fraudulent Letters of Undertaking. The government also plans to probe 150 shell companies associated with Modi and his uncle Mehul Choksi. Learn more about the scam here.

India’s digital spend will more than double to $100 billion by 2020. According to a joint report by Google and Boston Consulting Group, the number of women shoppers will increase two-and-a-half times and first-time internet users will treble. E-commerce, financial services and digital media will drive the next wave of growth, the report adds. India lags the US and China when it comes to digital transactions — just one in five Indians shop online compared to four in five Americans. “The ecosystem needs to create targeted value proposition for different segments of users to drive adoption,” says Google’s Nitin Bawankule.

Idea of the Day: As AI grows increasingly sophisticated, some (including Elon Musk) have begun to fear that humankind is setting itself up to be enslaved by ultra-intelligent robotic overlords. But Harvard’s Steven Pinker tells Vox that such beliefs are based on the assumption that AI will have the same desires as humans.

“We mistakenly think that intelligence and the drive to dominate are the same thing. But we have these desires because we’re products of evolution. An artificial intelligence will not have evolved in this way, and there’s no reason to assume it will share the desire to dominate or maximize its power.”

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International Law emerging in fast mode

International Law is growing very fast and the domestic law could not catch up the speed . The international Law open up more opportunity for young lawyers academicians. As chairman of Parliamentary Standing committee we could recommend to Government of India to appoint International Law experts in every department of State and Union government (report No 81)since the law making in International law should be understood and implemented as obligation of the Nation and States. When the Parliament and Assemblies make the law they should have in mind and heart how the international law is addressing the issues and formulate obligations to Nation States.

In another aspect India has to have team of International Law experts to represent in WTO and such other forum when small Nations such as Netherlands have commitment with team of experts in every international law making, while India is depending upon IFS trained diplomats who may not have expertise in different field of Law making.

More so the International Tribunals numbering around 23, India is having only one representation in UN Law of seas Appellate Tribunal. India is having one Judge Justice Bhandari in International Court of Justice , The Hague elected with huge majority in UN.

The young Lawyers and academic people in International Law have so much opportunity to practice through out the world in these UN and allied bodies of adjudication in addition to international Arbitration and World Trade Organisation Appellate Tribunal.

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Democracy continues its disturbing retreat – Daily chart

Democracy continues its disturbing retreat – Daily chart

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Legislative Drafting and International Law

Lok Sabha Secretariat- Bureau of Parliament art Studies and Training 33rd” International Training Programme in Legislative Drafting,” representing Afghanistan,Bhutan,Ecuador, Ethiopia,Fiji,Indonesia, Jamaica,Jordan,Kenya,Kyrgyzstan, Laos,Liberia,Maldives,Mauritius,Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia , Nepal,Nigeria,Palestine,Peru,Sri Lanka, Sudan,Suriname,Syria, Tanzania deligates attended Indian Socity of International Law, New Delhi.

Legislative Drafting is an art and science synthesised for creating Proper architecture to the benefit of people . This is a demand based action initiated by people’s Representatives and the Executive . It gets organic structure by Parliament or Legislature. This reflects and also creates accountability through best governance of the state and peoples obiediance and acceptability .

Since International Law is developing In fast track in Public International Law and Private International Law more specifically in Business,Trade , Intellectual Property Law and Investment Law . While Drafting domestic law there is a need for more understanding of this eco system in the World . Indian constitution enables the Executive to participate and develop International conventions, Treaty, resolutions and implementation of the obligations . If the space is available in domestic law the International Law fills up gap for the benefit of people. Aw of sea , air and space , multimodal regulations are in ever green development of International law for International Trade, tourism and movement of goods.

Legislative Drafting should be simple, transparent, predictable and dynamic . The People should understand the law and follow. Less governance and more accessible to liberty and acceptability is the need of democracy. Law is organic by nature and for practice.

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It is world over youngsters: Real story

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21st Century International School, Sivagangai

Realising the dream of 21st Century by Rajiv Gandhi ji

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UN Resolution on Jerusalem

Jerusalem holy city for great religions Christians, Muslims and Judaism is now subject for second time UN Resolution passed on different historical contests.

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